Kirsch TB, Kuhn J, Price LR, Marksberry J, Haltiwanger SG. A novel medical device that relieves anxiety, depression and pain while improving sleep in a population of teachers. Journal of Depression and Anxiety. 2019; 8:334.
|Pain, Anxiety, Depression||open|
Morrow DJ, Fischer EP, Walder AM, Jubran NI. Nonopioid Alternatives to Addressing Pain Intensity: A Retrospective Look at Two Noninvasive Pain Treatment Devices. Federal Practitioner. 2019, 36(4):181-187.
|Pain, nonopiod, noninvasive||open|
Yennurajalingam S et al. Cranial electrotherapy stimulation for the management of depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and pain in patients with advanced cancer: a preliminary study. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. 2018, 55(2): 198–206.
|Cancer, CES, Pain, Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia||open|
Keizer B, Sposato L, and Yancosek K. A progressive treatment for a chronic progressive disease: the war against complex regional pain syndrome. The Pain Practitioner. 2016; 6(1):26-31.
|CES, Regional Pain Syndrome||Report|
|Anderson, Joel G., Kebaish, Samy A., Lewis, Janet E., and Taylor, Ann G. Effects of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation on Activity in Regions of the Basal Ganglia in Individuals with Fibromyalgia. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 20(3): 206-207, 2014.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Fibromyalgia, Basal Ganglia, fMRI||Comment|
|Taylor, Ann Gill, Anderson, Joel G., Riedel, Shannon L., Lewis, Jante E., Kinser, Patricia A., and Bourguignon, Cheryl. Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation improves symptoms and functional status in individuals with fibromyalgia. Pain Management Nursing, 2013 Dec;14(4):327-335.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Fibromyalgia||RCT|
|Tan, Gabriel, Rintala, Diana, Jensen, Mark P., Richards, J. Scott, Holmes, Sally Ann, Parachuri, Rama, Lashgari-Saegh, Shamsi and Price, Larry R. Efficacy of cranial electrotherapy stimulation for neuropathic pain following spinal cord injury: a multi-site randomized controlled trial with a secondary 6-month open-label phase. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 34(3):285-296, 2011.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Neuropathic Pain, Spinal Cord Injury||RCT|
|Rintala, Diana H., Tan, Gabriel, Willson, Pamela, Bryant, Mon S., and Lai, Eugene C. H. Feasibility of Using Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation for Pain in Persons with parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s Disease. 8 pages, 2010.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Parkinson, Pain||RCT|
|Tan, Gabriel, Dao, Tam K., Smith, Donna L., Robinson, Andrew and Jensen, Mark P. Incorporating Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Therapies to Expand Psychological Services to Veterans Suffering From Chronic Pain. Psychological Services, 7(3):148–161, 2010.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Chronic Pain||open|
|Holubec, Jerry T. Cumulative Response From Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) for Chronic Pain. Practical Pain Management, 9(9):80-83, 2009.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Chronic Pain||open|
|Tan, Gabriel, Rintala, Diana H., Thornby, John, Yang, June, Wade, Walter, and Vasilev, Christine. Using Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation to Treat Pain Associated with Spinal Cord Injury. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 43(4):461-474, 2006. Presented at the South Central VA Health Care Network’s Pain Management Initiative 2nd Annual Pain Management Symposium: Campaign Against Pain. Jackson, Mississippi, April 7, 2006.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Spinal Cord Injury, Pain||RCT|
|Cork, Randall C., Wood, Patrick, Ming, Norbert, Shepherd, Clifton, Eddy, James, Price, Larry. The Effect of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) on Pain Associated with Fibromyalgia. The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology, 8(2), 2004.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Fibromyalgia||RCT|
|Tan, G., Rintala, D., Herrington, R., Yang, J., Wade, W., Vasilev, C. and Shanti, B.F. Treating Spinal Cord Injury Pain With Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 26(3), 2003. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Paraplegia Society, Las Vegas, Nevada, September 2-4, 2003.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Spinal Cord Injury, Pain||RCT|
|Lichtbroun, Alan S., Raicer, Mei-Ming C., and Smith, Ray B. The Treatment of Fibromyalgia with Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation. Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 7(2):72-78, 2001.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Fibromyalgia||RCT|
|Sizer P, Sawyer S, Brismee J, Jones K, Bruce J, Slauterbeck J. The Effect of Microcurrent Stimulation on Postoperative Pain After Patellar Tendon-Bone Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Presented at the American Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference and Exposition, Indianapolis, Indiana; June, 2000.||MES, Microcurrent Stimulation, Pain, Knee, Patellar, Postoperative||RCT|
|Heffernan, Michael. The Effect of Variable Microcurrents on EEG Spectrum and Pain Control. Canadian Journal of Clinical Medicine, 4(10):4-11, 1997.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Pain, EEG||RCT|
|Brotman, Philip. Low-intensity transcranial electrostimulation improves the efficacy of thermal biofeedback and quieting reflex training in the treatment of classical migraine headache. American Journal of Electromedicine, 6(5):120-123, 1989. Doctoral dissertation, City University Los Angeles, 117 pages, 1986.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Migraine, Headache||RCT|
|Zimmerman, Stephen I, & Lerner, Fred N. Biofeedback and Electromedicine Reduce the Cycle of Pain Spasm Pain in Low Back Patients. Medical Electronics, 117:108-120, June 1989. Doctoral dissertation (SZ), City University Los Angeles, 284 pages, 1987.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Pain, Spasm, Low back pain||RCT|
|Roth, Peter M, & Thrash, William J. Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Controlling Pain Associated with Orthodontic Tooth Movement. American Journal of Orthodontics, 90(2):132-138, 1986.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Pain, Spasm, Teeth, Tooth movrment.||RCT|
|Tae-Kyu Lee, Kwan-Sung Lee, Shin-Soo Jeun, Young-Kil Hong, Chun-Kun Park, Joon-Ki, Moon-Chan Kim. The control of chronic pain using Microcurrent Electrical Therapy and Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation. Presented at the Korea Society for Stereotactic & Functional Neurosurgery, April 14, 2004.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, MES, Micro Current Stimulation, Chronic Pain||open|
|Kulkarni, Arun D. and Smith, Ray B. The Use of Microcurrent Electrical Therapy and Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in Pain Control. Clinical Practice of Alternative Medicine.2(2):99-102, 2001.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, MES, Micro Current Stimulation, Chronic Pain||open|
|Smith, Ray B. Is Microcurrent Stimulation Effective in Pain Management? An Additional Perspective. American Journal of Pain Management, 11(2):62-66, 2001.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Pain||Report|
|Bauer, William. Electrical Treatment of Severe Head and Neck Cancer Pain. Archives of Otolaryngology, 109(6):382-383, 1983.||CES, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, Cancer, Pain, Head||Case Series|